Allah orders all Muslims to write their wills before they die. There are a number of Islamic texts, both in the Qur’an and Sunnah, which point to the importance of will-making. For example, (Al-Baqarah verse 180). In accordance with Islamic and Texas Law, the best way to ensure that your assets are distributed correctly upon death is to prepare a legally valid will.
Making a will becomes even more important in non-Muslim countries such as the U.S. because failing to leave a valid written will can result in the law of the land deciding how your estate will be distributed, which obviously would not be in accordance with Shari’ah (Islamic law).
What the Qu’ran says about LAST wills anD TESTAMENTS
You can specify many things in your will, one such order of inheritance to keep in mind is The Islamic order of inheritance, known as The Schedule of Mawarith. The rights of your heirs are clearly specified in the Qur’an in (Aal-Emran verse 11-12) and (Al-Nisa’a verse 176). In accordance with the Qu’ran, your legal family heirs like your wife, sons, daughters, and parents will receive two-thirds of your estate.
Your will should address the remaining one-third of your estate, with which you have the right to do whatever you like, whether you give it to a family-member, relative, friend, or charitable cause or organization. If you don’t make a will for that third of your estate, then it will be divided among your surviving relatives. Ensuring the one-third election satisfies Islamic principles needs to be carefully considered by you, your family, religious leaders and an attorney experienced in drafting Islamic Last Wills and Testaments.
Paying your debts
Before all of that, however, the executor of your will must pay any debts you have left behind. Settling debts is the first order of business when your will is executed, so any wealth you’ve left will first go toward repaying your debts, and whatever is left will be distributed among your heirs in accordance with Shari’ah. Note that this applies to debts payable to the servants of Allah and no to liabilities due by Shari’ah, such as unpaid Zakat. Also, your debts must be paid whether or not they exceed one-third of your wealth. Ensuring your debts are paid in accordance with Islamic and Texas law, needs to be handled and properly drafted by an attorney experienced in drafting Islamic Wills and Last Testaments.
Who should become your children’s guardian
It is very important to specify in your will who will become the guardian or custodian of your children. Under normal and ideal circumstances, the surviving spouse is made the guardian. The guardian must be a Muslim, sane, and trustworthy. Those who have the right to the custody of your children are (in order of preference): father, mother, paternal grandfather, and then anyone specifically appointed as the guardian of the children.
You can also include the specifics of your burial, including which cemetery you wish to be buried in (the family cemetery or in another one) and whether you want your body to be transported to another country
When choosing who will serve as the executor of your will, be sure to choose someone you trust completely so you can be confident that your will will be properly executed after your passing.
The importance of wills for Muslims
It is imperative that all Muslims have a valid written will, and if you have not already drawn one up, you should do so as soon as possible. Preparing a will is not just something that the elderly need to consider. Muslims of all ages should be sure to have a will in order so they can rest assured their wishes will be carried out if they pass away unexpectedly.
This article is for information purposes only and should not be relied on as a substitute for legal advice on drafting islamic or muslim wills and last testaments. Consult a qualified lawyer for your specific situation.
Attempting to draft a will yourself will likely violate both religious and civil laws. Turn to the experienced attorneys at The Farah Law Firm to ensure your will is drafted properly in accordance with the Qu’ran and the American legal system.
الوصية في الإسلام
لقد شرع الله عز وجل الوصية لطفاً بعباده ورحمة بهم، وحتى يتمكن كل شخص من أخذ حقه ولا يُظلم أحد، ويوجد العديد من الأدلة في القرآن والسنة تبين ذلك؛ مثل (سورة البقرة، آية 180). للورثة الشرعيين ثلثي وِرثة الموصي (وهذا مبين بالتفصيل بالقرآن الكريم)، والثلث الباقي الموصي له الحق بفعل ما يريد به؛ تبرع، إعطائه لشخص معين، بناء جمعية خيرية..
وفي الوصية يتم التوصية بهذا الثلث فقط، ويمكنك أيضاً أن تذكر في وصيتك من تريد أن يقوم برعاية أطفالك من بعدك، أين تريد أن يتم دفنك وجميع تفاصيل الدفن والجنازة.
ويجب عليك أن تذكر الشخص الذي تريده أن يكون وصي على أموالك وممتلكاتك، ويجب أن يكون شخص ذو ثقة؛ حتى يقوم بما كتب بالوصية تماماً.
لذلك على جميع المسلمين كتابة وصيتهم الآن، وبإمكانك التعديل عليها وقتما تشاء.
ننصحك بعدم كتابة وصيتك لوحدك؛ لأنك ربما ستقوم بانتهاك القوانين، دينية أو مدنية. اتصل بنا اليوم لنقوم بمساعدتك بكتابة وصيتك.